The Udham Singh Reading Room is a project by artist Tajender Sagoo, on a relationship between Punjab, Britain and the present day. The visitor is invited to view, research and respond to the work, as presented in a non- linear construction of time. Found research is reconfigured in paper and cloth (print and weave) and with selected books, essays, articles and notes.

On 13th March 1940 Udham Singh (b.1899) killed Sir Michael O’Dwyer, a former Governor of Punjab at the time of the Amritsar Massacre in 1919, at Caxton Hall, Westminster, where a meeting of the East India Association and Royal Central Asian Society was being held, on Afghanistan: The Present Position.

While awaiting trial in Brixton Prison, Udham Singh (a.k.a Mohammed Singh Azad) went on a 42 day hunger strike. The trial lasted for two days. At the trial Mr. Justice Atkinson directed that nothing said in court should be published. In 1996-97 redacted documents from the trial were released (although there may be other files on him that remain closed). On the 31st July 1940 Udham Singh (alias Sher Singh, Udhan Singh, Ude Singh, Frank Brazil) was executed at Pentonville prison.

Tajender Sagoo has a strong interest in using craft, pattern and colour in a multi disciplinary approach. She investigates the relationships between objects and the ideas that they express, in the historical and modern experience.

* "do not try to change my name what so ever I have given you my name is Mohamed Singh Azad I do not care if any one say any thing let them go to hell But I want to keep my name." excerpt from a letter dated 16/3/1940, written while in Brixton prison, signed Mahamed Singh Azad.

* From Emergence Of The Image: Redact Documents Of Udham Singh By Avatar Singh Joul, Navtej Singh, National Book Organisation, New Delhi ( 2002)

Tajender Sagoo, Udham Singh Reading Room, Plan for a Poor House, screen print on newspaper, 2012.


Tajender Sagoo, Udham Singh Reading Room,screen print, handwoven beaverteen samples and selected essays, articles, 2012.

Tajender Sagoo, Udham Singh Reading Room,screen print, textile and selected essays, articles, 2012.

Tajender Sagoo, Udham Singh Reading Room, Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, screen print on posters and paper collage , 2012.

Tajender Sagoo, Udham Singh Reading Room, Bhagat Singh,screen print on poster, 2012.

Tajender Sagoo, Udham Singh Reading Room, 2012.

Further reading




Emergence of the Image: Redact Documents of Udham Singh by Avtar Singh Jouhl , Navtej Singh, National Book Organisation, New Delhi (2002)

With thanks to Ashford Emir ( Harris Looms) for the use of a Harris Computer Loom


Tajender Sagoo, Udham Singh Reading Room, 2012.

Tajender Sagoo, Udham Singh Reading Room, Statement, screen print on newspaper, 2012.

Tajender Sagoo, Udham Singh Reading Room, Indira Gandhi, screen print on poster, selected essays, articles, 2012.


Articles in the Udham Singh Reading Room

Bhardwaj, Ajay. The absence in Punjabiyats spilt universe.

Chakrabarty, Dipesh, The Death of History? Historical Conciousness And The Culture Of Late Capitalism.

Chakrabarty Dipesh, Radical Histories and Questions Of Enlightenment Rationalism: Some Recent Critiques of "Subultern Studies".

Chakrabarty Dipesh, Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks For "Indian" Pasts?.

Chatterjee, Partha, Colonialism Nationalism and Colonized Women the Contest in India.

Chatterjee, Partha, After Subultern Studies.

Chatterjee, Partha, For an Indian History of Peasant Struggle.

D'Souza, Rohan, Water in British India: The Making of a ' Colonial Hydrology'.

Das, Veena, Time, Self, and Community: Features of the Sikh Militant Discourse.

Dharambir, Relief measures during the Famine, SHODH SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN

Ganesan, V.B, A French colony that fought the British.


Gill, K.L, Water crisis of east & west Punjab.

Hansard, East India Loans Bill.

Hansard, The Victories On The Sutlej - Battles Of Aliwal And Sobraon - Vote Of Thanks To The Army.


Juergensmeyer, Mark , 1979, Cultures of Deprivation: Three Case Studies in Punjab, Vol.14, No. 7/8, Economic & Political Weekly.

K.Puri, Harish, The Influence of Ghadar Movement on Bhagat Singn's Thought and Action.

Kazmin, Amy, Politics of Water Leaves Punjab in deep trouble.

Kumar, Hans Raj, Dalits and the Emancipatory Sikh Religion.

Lal, Chaman, Rare documents on Bhagat Singh's trial and life in jail.

Lal, Chaman, Where has Mohammad Singh Azad Gone?

Ludden, David, Empire Meets Globalisation: Explaining Historical Patterns of inequity in South Asia.

Mander, Harsh, Barefoot: Colonial legacy of famine codes.

Marx, Karl, The Approaching Indian Loan.

Nageshwar ,Patnaik, Naxalite-turned leader believes khadi can alleviate misery of Kalahandi.

Nandy, Ashis , The Great Indian Love Affair With Censorship.

Nandy, Ashis , Theories of Oppression and Another Dialogue of Cultures.

Nandy, Ashis , An anti-secularist manifesto.

Nandy, Ashis , Narcissism and despair.

Nandy, Ashis , Culture, Voice and Development: a Primer for the Unsuspecting.

Nandy, Ashis , History and Theory, 1995, History's Forgotten Doubles, History and Theory, Vol. 34, No. 2.

Naqvi, Jawed, The new slave dynasty.

Patel, Dinyar , India and the last jubilee queen.

Prasad Bismil, Ram, Sararoshi ki Tamanna.

Published By Authority, 1914, Memorandum On The Moral and Material Progress In The Punjab During The Years 1901-02 TO 1911 -12.

Published By Authority, 1901, Report Of The Indian Famine Commission.

Roy, Arundhati ,Capitalism: A Ghost Story,

Sagar, Satya, Gandhi, Guevara Fifty-Fifty,

Sail, Aagney, Background Information On Repressive Laws in India.


Shah, Alpa, Against Eco-incarceration: Class Struggle and Indigenous Rights in India.

Shah, Ramnik, Special Voucher Scheme Abolished.

Sharma, Vrinda, Cancer Bathinda's dubious distinction.

Sharma Singh, Parul, Steeped in history.

Simha, Vijay, The Poverty of Plenty.

Singh, Surinder, Punjab University, Chandigarh, Some Aspects of the Communist Movement in Colonial Punjab: Testimony of the Participants.

Singh, Jaspal , History of the Ghadar Movement.

Singh, Pritam, The idea of Punjabiyat.

Rex -v- Udham Singh, Central Criminal Court, Old Bailey, E.C, Tuesday 4th June 1940.

Singh Bajwa, Kapur, 1925, A Study Of The Economic Effects Of The Punjab Colonies

Singh, Amrik; Argrwaal, Ashok; Kaur, Jaskaran, Reduced to Ashes: the Insurgency and Human Rights in Punjab.

Talbot, Ian, The Punjab under Colonialism: order and tranformation in British India.

Thapar, Romila, Reporting History: Early India.

Gadar Party: bibliography,

Canal colonisation in the Punjab,

20 suspected Maoists killed in Chhattisgarh,

Why Balwant Singh Rajoana shouldn't be hanged,

How Else Did Undivided India Contribute To The First World War,

Talk:Udham Singh,

B.S.Goraya's Vanishing Punjab

Udham Singh - A short Biographical Sketch, from Police File MEPO 3/1743,

Minutes To Head Office: 6828 Udham Singh Excecuted,





21st September to 18th November 2012

Open every Friday, Saturday & Sunday 12 – 6pm.

Admission Free

Viewing is by appointment only, please call 075 3047 2483 or email to book a visit.


Pop Samiti Studio

Limehouse Town

646 Commercial Road


E14 7HA

Travel; Limehouse or Westferry DLR, Mile End Tube,

Bus 15, 115, 135, D3. Google Map

Additional reference material

Bhagat Singh /Ranjan, Ravi.2009.

Bhagat Singh and his legend /Seminar on Bhagat Singh and His Legend (2007: Pat 2008)

Challenge to imperial hegemony: Navtej Singh, 1957-1998.

Classical political economy and British policy in India /Ambirajan, S. (Srinivasa), 1936-1978.

England's debt to India. A historical narrative of Britain'. Lajpat Rai, Lala, 1865-1928. 1967.

Famine report, 1939-40 (Samvat 1995-96).Madho Singh, Thakur.1943.

Final report.India. Famine Inquiry Commission.1945.

Ghadar revolution in America. Ganguly, Anil Baran.1980.

Ghadar, 1915 : Khushwant Singh, 1966.

Homeworking women:Phizacklea, Annie.1995.

Indentured labour in the British Empire, 1834-1920 /1984.

India as I knew it, 1885-1925 ... With two maps.O'DWYER, Michael Francis, Sir, G.C.I.E.1925.

Letters of Udham Singh /Udham Singh, 1899-1940. 1974.

Poverty and famines :Sen, Amartya, 1933- 1987.

Report on the famine in the Panjab during 1869-70.Punjab (India). Central Famine Relief Committee. 1870.

Report.India. Sedition Committee, 1918.

Rethinking of 1857 and the Punjab /Seminar on Revolt of 1857 and the Punjab: 2008.

Rethinking radicalism in Indian society:National Seminar on Bhagat Singh and Beyond : 2009.

Sardar Udham Singh :Maighowalia, B. S. (Bhagat Singh), 1969.

Situating Indian history :1986.

The Agony of the Punjab. Lajpat Rai, Lala, 1865-1928.1920.

The Despatch and Allocation of Indentured Labour. Deerpalsingh Saloni & Carter Marina.1996.

The fragrance of freedom: Singh, Bhagat, 1907-1931.2006.

The legacy of Indian indenture:1995

The Punjab famine code.Punjab (India)1888.

The Punjab Famine of 1899-1900. [With maps.]1901.

The Sikh unrest and the Indian state : Kumar, Ram Narayan, 1956-1997.

Udham Singh, alias, Ram Mohammed Singh Azad : Sikander Singh. 1998.

Pop Samiti

Pop Samiti Paper

Udham Singh Reading Room

The Radcliffe Line

Kenya Land & Freedom Depository

Weave & Print


About Tajender Sagoo

Articles in the Udham Singh Reading Room

Ahmed,Ishtiaq. 2012. The Punjab Bloodied, Partitioned And Cleansed: Unravelling the 1947 Tragedy Through Secret British Reports And First Person Accounts.Pakistan:Oxford University Press.

Appadurai (ed), Arjun. 2000. The Social Life Of Things: Commodities In Social Perspective. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Arundhati, Roy. 2009. Listening To Grasshoppers: Field Notes On Democracy. India: Penguin Books.

Butalia, Urvashi. 1998.The Other Side Of Silence: Voices From The Partition Of India. India:Viking Penguin India.

Chandan, Amarjit. 2010. A Sonata For Four Hands. GB: Arc Publication.

Chattha, Iiyas. 2011. Partition And Locality: Violence, Migration And Development In Gujranwala And Sialkot, 1947 – 1961. Pakistan: Oxford University Press.

Chattopadhyay, Gautam. 2010. Subhas Chandra Bose And Indian Communist Movement. New Delhi: Peoples Publishing House.

Davis, Mike. 2002. Late Victorian Holocausts: El Ni–o Famines And the Making Of The Third World.GB:Verso.

De Sliva Jayasuriya, Shihan. 2008. African Identity In Asia: Cultural Effects Of Forced Migration. U.S.A: Markus Wiener Publishers.

Elkins, Caroline. 2005. Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story Of Britain's Gulag In Kenya. New York: Henry Holt And Company.

Garga, B.D. 2007. From Raj To Swaraj: Non Fiction Film In India. India:

Grob – Fitzgibbon, Benjamin. 2011. Imperial Endgame: Britains Dirty Wars And The End Of Empire. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Guha, Ranajit. 2002. History: At The Limit Of World – History: New York. Columbia University Press.

Joshi, P.C.1994.1857 In Folk Songs. New Delhi: Peoples Publishing House.

Kumar,Akshaya. 2009. Poetry, Politics And Culture; Essays On Indian Texts And Contexts. New Delhi: Routledge.

Lal, Vinay.Nandy,Ashis. 2005. The Future Of Knowledge And Culture. India: Penguin Viking.

Mir, Farina. 2010. The Social Language Of Space: Vernacular Culture in British Colonial Punjab. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University Of California Press.

Mitta, Manoj. Phoolka, HS.2008. When A Tree Shook Delhi: The 1984 Carnage And Its Aftermath .New Delhi: Roli Lotus.

Mukerjee, Madhushree. 2010. Churchill's Secret War: The British Empire And The Ravaging Of India During World War II. U.S.A: Basic Books.

Nandy, Ashis. 2003. At The Edge Of Psychology: Essays In Politics And Culture. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Nandy, Ashis. 2010.An Ambigious Journey To The City: The Village And Other Odd Ruins Of The Self In The Indian Imagination. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Nandy, Ashis. 2002.Time Warps: Silent and Evasive Pasts in Indian Politics and Religion. GB: C.Hurst & Company Ltd.

Nandy, Ashis. 2009. The Intimate Enemy: Loss And Recovery Of Self Under Colonialism. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Narayan, Kumar. Sieberer, George.1991.The Sikh Struggle: Origin, Evolution And Present Phase. New Delhi: Chanakya Publications.

Newsinger, John.2010.The Blood Never Dried: A Peoples History Of The British Empire . London: Bookmarks Publications Ltd.

Oberoi, Harjot.1994. The Construction Of Religious Boundaries: Culture, Identity and Diversity In The Sikh Tradition. U.S.A: University Of Chicago Press.

Omvedt, Gail. 2008. Ambedkar. India, Penguin Books

Panikkar, K.N. 2003. Culture And Consciousness In Modern India. New Delhi:Peoples Publishing House.

Patel, Zarina.2006. Unquiet: The Life and Times Of Makhan Singh. Kenya: Zand Graphics.

Ramnath, Maia. 2011. Haj To Utopia: How The Ghadar Movement Charted Global Radicalism And Attempted To Overthrow The British Empire. University Of California Press.

Ramnath, Maia. 2011. Decolonizing Anarchism: An Antiauthoritarian History Of India's Liberation Struggle. U.S.A: AK Press & Institute Of Anarchist Studies.

Roy, Arundhati. 2011. Broken Republic. India: Hamish Hamilton.

Seiler-Baldinger, Annemarie. 1994.Textiles: A Classificatin Of Techniques. Austraila: Crawford House Press.

Shiva, Vandana. 2002. The Violence Of The Green Revolution. Malaysia: Zed Books & Third World Network

Singh Sidhu (ed), Dr.Gurdev. 2007.The Hanging Of Bhagat Singh: The Banned Literature Vol.IV.

India: Unistar Books PVT. Ltd.

Singh, Bhagat. 2007. Why I am an Atheist. New Delhi: Peoples Publishing House.

Singh, Khuswant.1992. My Bleeding Punjab. India:UBSPD

Singh, Navtej. 1996. Starvation And Colonialism: A Study Of Famines In The Nineteenth Century British Punjab 1858 -1901. New Delhi. National Book Organisation.

Singh, Navtej.,Singh, Jouhl, Avtar. 2002.Emergence Of The Image: Redact Documents of Udham Singh. New Delhi: National Book Organisation.

Singh, Patwant., M. Rai, Jyoti. 2008. Empire Of The Sikhs:The Life And Times Of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Tonbridge: Peter Owen Publishers.

Singh, Pritam. 2010. Economy, Culture And Human Rights: Turbulence In Punjab, India And Beyond. India: Three Essays Collective.

Steel, MP David. 1969. No Entry: The Background And The Implications Of The Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968. England, C.Hurst & Company Ltd.

Tinker, Hugh. 1993. A New System Of Slavery: The Export of Indian Labour Overseas 1830 - 1920. London: Hansib Publishing Ltd.

Watson, William.1956.Textile Design And Colour. GB: Longmans.

Essays and articles in the Udham Singh Reading Room

Ali ,Imran, Sikh settlers in the western Punjab during British Rule.

Anand, Panini, Terrorism Isn't The Disease; Egregious Injustice Is'.

Badruddin, Asad, A Muslim Majority Indus Valley Civilization?

Bhabha, Homi, Narrating The Nation.